Pages Navigation Menu
Categories Navigation Menu

Information and Resources Beyond the Hudson River

National/Other   •   Atlantic   •   Pacific   •   Central   •   Gulf

Many great projects and initiatives for ecologically enhanced shorelines and living shorelines are happening beyond the Hudson, in other regions of New York State and across the U.S. The following resources can be used to learn more about different regional approaches as well as provide more guidance on shoreline decision-making, research, and engineering techniques that may be considered for New York shorelines. A list of the resources is below, sorted into the regions listed above (click a region of interest to skip down).


Using Natural Resilience Measures to Reduce Risk of Flooding and Erosion in New York State.  Published August 2020 by NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. Natural resilience measures are actions that conserve, restore or mimic natural landforms and processes to reduce climatic risks.

Resiliency and Economic Development Guidance

The contents of this website provide resources  to build resilience, reduce the risk of future property damage, and minimize habitat impacts,  for coastal design and development projects in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River. The goal of these guidelines is to share technical data, regulatory guidance, best practices, and available resources for development along the dynamic shorelines of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River.

New York Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Homeowner Program Guidance


Measuring Success: Monitoring Natural and Nature-Based Shoreline Features in New York State

A collaborative multi-year, stakeholder-driven effort led by SRIJB and funded by NYSDOS, NOAA, and NYSERDA resulted in a  Statewide Shoreline Monitoring Framework, published in 2020.  Read more HERE.

Flood Resilience Handbook for Public Access Sites Along the Hudson River from Troy to Yonkers. Prepared for the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and NEIWPCC, to be published in 2021


US Army Corp of Engineers

Coastal Risk Reduction and Resilience (US Army Corps of Engineers, 2013)

USACE provides guidance on nature/nature-based, non-structural, and structural tactics for shoreline protection, ultimately promoting an integrated approach to coastal risk concerns.

Engineering With Nature (US Army Corps of Engineers)

A website devoted to promoting the consideration of ecosystem benefits of nature/nature-based features in engineering designs.

Engineer with Nature Seminar Series

The Engineering With Nature Seminars are available online. Find the presentations, recording, and flyer with speaker bios all located on the EWN Seminar Page.  Sign up for EWN mailing list also. The first seminar was in September 2020.

Low Cost Options for Shore Protection (US Army Corps of Engineers, 2012)

A handbook aimed at engineers and contractors (those familiar with engineering concepts, though not necessarily coastal/shoreline protection specifically) that examines shoreline protection tactics within the context of cost.

Use of Natural and Nature-Based Features for Coastal Resilience (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers)

This report provides information about natural and nature-based features (such as dunes, oyster reefs, and marshes) that can contribute to coastal resilience and risk reduction.


Engineering Field Handbook Chapter 16 Streambank and Shoreline Protection (USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service December, 1996)

A guidance for engineers on restoring and protecting banks and shorelines in protected waters (not open water).  Tactics involve bioengineering and physical structures.

Living Shorelines Engagement (NOAA)

This two-pager describes how NOAA works to promote living shoreline research and implementation, as well as noting future actions the agency plans to take.

Living Shorelines Workgroup Guidance for Considering the Use of Living Shorelines (NOAA, 2015)

An overview of living shorelines that includes definitions and benefits of natural stabilization techniques, as well as how NOAA promotes their use around the country.

Living Shorelines Webinar Series (NOAA NERRS)

This series of five webinars (which aired between September 2013-February 2014) was designed to introduce the concept of living shorelines, increase awareness about different types of living shorelines, and look at regional perceptions of living shorelines.


Living Shorelines Academy

Practical shorelines application and training modules for property owners, resource managers, restoration practitioners, and professionals. Part 1 Part 2

Living Shorelines: A Review of Literature Relevant to New England Coasts (Jennifer E.D. O’Donnell, 2017)

The author gives a review of the literature on living shorelines in order to ascertain which insights from locations where living shorelines have been successful are applicable to the New England shorelines for mitigating shoreline erosion while maintaining coastal ecosystem services.

Living Shorelines: Better Than Bulkheads (Coastal Review Online)

A three-part report detailing the economic, environmental, ecological, and physical advantages that restoring and maintaining living shorelines have over building man-made structures from inorganic materials.

Living Shorelines Brochure (Systems Approach to Geomorphic Engineering-SAGE)

This informational brochure provides information about a range of shoreline management techniques, from green to gray.  More information on the organization as a whole is available here, other technical guidance documents compiled by SAGE available here.

Living Shorelines:  From Barriers to Opportunities (Restore America’s Estuaries, 2014)

A group of living shorelines experts drafted this report that covers different types of shoreline management and a variety of related topics and also provides recommended strategies for moving forward.

Living Shorelines: The Science and Management of Nature-Based Coastal Protection

A book that provides a background and history of living shorelines, including the design and implementation of projects (as well as the science behind them), management of living shorelines, and policy revolving around these nature/nature-based tactics.

Minneapolis Lakes and Streams: Erosion Intensity Index

A scoresheet and attached guidance that accounts for and examines different aspects of a shoreline (i.e. the bank itself, energies the bank is exposed to) with respect to the erosion that bank is expected to face.

Reducing Coastal Risks on the East and Guld Coasts (National Research Council, 2014)

The National Research Council report reviews the performance of coastal risk-reduction strategies and suggests a set of principles, and a vision for the future.

Shoreline Stabilization Handbook for Lake Champlain and Other Inland Lakes (Northwest Regional Planning Commission)

This handbook for Lake Champlain area residents and government officials includes information about shorelines stabilization options, including hard structural methods and bio-engineered methods.

Sustainable Shorelines Designs Webinar Series (2016-2018)

This An ongoing series of webinars, begun in September, 2016, is designed for shoreline designers to teach other practitioners about the specifics of nature-based shoreline protection projects in New York and beyond.

back to top


State and Regional Groups

Cost and Effectiveness of Living Shorelines: An Analysis of Five NJ Projects – Webinar 

The Nature Conservancy funded Stevens Institute of Technology to assess the cost and effectiveness of five recently constructed living shoreline projects in New Jersey. The living shorelines included in the study represent projects of varied size, complexity, and cost. For living shorelines where information was also available for nearby traditional “gray” projects, a qualitative comparison was completed. The webinar was held on December 16, 2020 covered  the results of the analysis from the Stevens researchers, followed by a moderated panel discussion with representatives of the living shoreline projects.  The webinar was  sponsored by the Jacques Cousteau National Estuarine Research Reserve. Contact them for the recording. Check back with Coastal Engineering Research Group of Stevens Institute of Technology for the publication of Cost and Effectiveness of Living Shorelines: An Analysis of Five NJ Projects

Presentation slides
A compilation of living shoreline resources for NJ
Living shoreline monitoring frameworks for New Jersey and Delaware

A Comparative Cost Analysis of Ten Shore Protection Approaches at Three Sites Under Two Sea Level Rise Scenarios


Delaware Living Shorelines Committee 

Committee for creating living shorelines along Delaware’s coasts as opposed to “hardened” structures such as bulkheads and ripraps. Aimed at private landowners along the coastline.

Partnership for the Delaware Estuary

Nonprofit dedicated to protecting Delaware estuaries. Provides research publications, education, volunteer and outreach positions along Delaware estuary sites.

Georgia Living Shorelines (GADNR)

Georgia DNR’s homepage on living shorelines throughout the state. Links to summary report as well as an interactive in-browser map.

New Jersey Living Shorelines (NJ DEP)

Homepage for NJDEP’s Living Shorelines programs. Planning and design resources, outreach programs, local councils, regulations, and case studies can be found here.

Development of a Protocol to Assess the Relative Habitat Values of Urban Shorelines in New York – New Jersey Harbor

Protocol developed and prepared for the Hudson River Foundation and New York – New Jersey Harbor Estuary Program.


State/Regional Guidelines

Using Natural Resilience Measures to Reduce Risk of Flooding and Erosion in New York State.  Published August 2020 by NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. 

Measuring Success: Monitoring Natural and Nature-Based Shoreline Features in New York State

A collaborative multi-year, stakeholder-driven effort led by SRIJB and funded by NYSDOS, NOAA, and NYSERDA resulted in a  Statewide Shoreline Monitoring Framework, published in 2020.  Read more HERE.


Softening Our Shorelines: Policy and Practice for Living Shorelines Along the Gulf and Atlantic Coasts(National Wildlfe Federation 2020)

The 2020 publication from the National Wildlife Federation in cooperation with Coastal States Organization reviews the use of living shorelines across Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Policies and permitting requirements were analyzed to look for both incentives and barriers to encouraging the use of ecologically friendly shoreline protection techniques. Recommendations and best practices are made on how to promote the use of living shorelines.

Tidal Wetlands Guidance Document:  Living Shoreline Techniques in the Marine District of New York State (NYSDEC, 2017)

A guidance aimed at the NYSDEC staff, as well as professionals and property-owners, to promote understanding and use of nature-based shoreline protection tactics for habitat enhancement and storm risk reduction.  Provides information on types of living shorelines, reviews how tidal wetland and protection of waters permit standards relate to living shorelines, and speaks to proper siting, maintenance, and monitoring considerations.

Living Shorelines Engineering Guidelines (NJ DEP, 2016)

A guidance document on the engineering components involved in the design of living shorelines projects, prepared for the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection by Stevens Institute of Technology.

Living Shoreline Design Guidelines for Shore Protection in Virginia’s Estuarine Environment (VIMS, 2010)

Guidance for living shorelines in a sheltered, estuarine system, including site and design considerations, in addition to case studies. Published by Virginia Institute for Marine Science at William and Mary.

Waterfront Edge Design Guidelines – WEDG (Waterfront Alliance, 2016)

An incentive-based rating system that examines and analyzes waterfronts on the basis of creating shoreline developments that are “resilient, environmentally healthy, accessible, and equitable for all”.  Currently based in New York City, looking to expand its programming.

Shoreline Management Manual (FirstLight Power, 2014)

A guidance outlining sustainable shoreline management aims to provide a set of standards and knowledge for homeowners that have access/management of shorelines on FirstLight properties along the shores of Candlewood Lake, Lake Lillinonah, or Lake Zoar.

Marine Shoreline Design Guidelines (Washington State Aquatic Habitats Guidelines Program)

Part of a series of guidelines documents by the Aquatic Habitats Guidelines Program, a joint effort among multiple Washington State resource agencies. This guideline highlights shoreline designs for Puget Sound.

How to Protect Your Property from Shoreline Erosion (North Carolina Division of Coastal Management)

This brochure provides guidance for North Carolina property owners to make decisions about shoreline erosion control options.


How Cape Cod Is Saving Its Shoreline from the Effects of Climate Change an ESRI Blog June 2020

Living Shorelines in New England: State of the Practice (Woods Hole Group, Inc. 2017)

This report provides a range of practical considerations for property managers, regulators, coastal municipal leaders, scientists and practitioners, who are interested in advancing living shoreline policies and practices.

Case Study on Designing Living Shorelines for New England Coasts (NOAA)

A smaller project with 3 sites along the Massachusetts coast, highlighting the importance of well-planned site analysis and collaborative planning in creating more resilient shorelines.

Living Shorelines in the Bronx (Waterfront Alliance, 2018)

This article discusses three sites in the Bronx that are considered prime areas to be redeveloped as living shorelines.

Building Ecological Solutions to Coastal Community Hazards (The National Wildlife Federation, 2017)

A guide for New Jersey coastal communities to build up resiliency using natural or nature-based tactics.

Design Considerations for Living Shorelines in Connecticut (University of Connecticut, 2015)

The thought processes and considerations behind designing and implementing a living shoreline on a Connecticut coast.  Accompanying webinar training available here.

Improved Use and Understanding of NNBF in the Mid-Atlantic (Mid-Atlantic Regional Council on the Ocean, 2017)

A report that synthesizes information gleaned from stakeholder interviews in the Mid-Atlantic (NY, NJ, DE, MD, VA) revolving around building a case for Natural and Nature-Based Features, as well as developing a framework for site and design assessment.

Living Shorelines (Virginia Institute of Marine Science Center for Coastal Resources Management)

This website includes information about the benefits of living shorelines, design and build criteria, permits, plant species and vendors, research, legislative initiatives, and demonstration sites.

Living Shorelines for the Chesapeake Bay Watershed (Chesapeake Bay Foundation, 2007)

A brochure aimed at property owners and designers with a brief background on the functions and benefits of living shorelines, as well as details on ideal elements and tips for living shoreline designs that work well for Chesapeake Bay’s coasts.

Living Shorelines:  Impacts of Erosion Control Strategies on Coastal Habitats (Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission, 2015)

Overview on the mechanics of shoreline sediment movement and erosion-control tactics’ relationship with coastal processes and habitats along the Atlantic coast.

Living Shorelines: a Nature-Based Approach to Managing Shoreline Erosion (NYSGIG)

An interactive website explaining the merits of living shorelines in the New York region. This is from the New York State Geographic Information Gateway.

Living Shorelines: Sound Science, Innovative Approaches, Connected Community (RAE, 2015)

Agenda from the Living Shorelines National Technology Transfer Meeting and Regional Workshops in Connecticut in December, 2015.  Sponsored by Restore America’s Estuaries.

Mid-Atlantic Living Shorelines Summit (RAE, 2013)

Resources from the 2013 Mid-Atlantic Living Shorelines Summit are available at this website: summit proceedings, powerpoint presentations, video presentations, key messages, and more.

North Atlantic Coast Comprehensive Study: Resilient Adaptation to Increasing Risk (US Army Corps of Engineers)

A study that examines coastal risks in the face of a changing climate (in response to major hurricanes that hit the gulf and Atlantic coast), establishing baselines, projected changes, and possible solutions.

Regional (NY-NJ-DE) Dialogue to Advance Sustainable Shorelines along Sheltered Coasts

This workshop, funded for the NERRS Science Collaborative, examined opportunities for regional collaboration and sharing of sustainable shorelines information in New York, New Jersey, and Delaware.  Resources available include:  agenda, presentations, event summaries, and a follow-up webinar.

Research Plan to Advance the Understanding of Potential Coastal Green Infrastructure Strategies in New York City (NYSDEC, 2014)

This research plan (developed by ARCADIS, Stevens Institute of Technology, and others) investigates the use of coastal green infrastructure for protection of New York City from flooding and erosion.

Revitalizing Hudson Riverfronts Report (Scenic Hudson, 2010)

This report from Scenic Hudson is intended to help guide communities in developing and implementing a future vision for waterfront development.

Shore Erosion Control:  The Natural Approach (VIMS, 2005)

An outreach booklet describing the benefits and use of nature-based shoreline protection methods, expecially in the Chesapeake Bay area.

Tidal Exchange E-News (NY, NJ Harbor & Estuary Program, January 10, 2014)

This January 2014 newsletter from the NY-NJ Harbor and Estuary Program includes an article about a research effort looking at urban shorelines and another article with information about the Waterfront Edge Design Guidelines.

Urban Waterfront Adaptive Strategies (NYC Planning, 2013)

A look at resiliency measures, including nature/nature-based shoreline protection tactics, that take into account the unique human needs of New York City, specifically, though some findings may be applied to other highly-developed, urban environments.

Re-Engineering Living Shorelines for High-Energy Coastal Environments (NERRS Science Collaborative)

A project from the Guana Tolomato Mantanzas NERR in Florida,  testing the efficacy of a new strategy for protecting coastal habitat in high-energy environments, by  deploying “gabion-breaks,” a hybrid method for building living shorelines to protect and restore coastlines.

back to top


Green Shores (British Columbia, Canada)

This website provides information about shoreline types, case studies, a guide to Green Shores Coastal Development Rating System, and a few links and reports.

The Engineer and The Fisherman (Peter Craig, 2014)

This blog provides some interesting perspectives from an engineer who has worked on riverbank design in Oregon.

How to Build a Living Seawall (University of Washington)

This article describes efforts to add structural diversity to seawalls to support more biological diversity.

Marine Shoreline Design Guidelines (State of Washington)

This guidance document includes information about the geomorphology of Puget Sound and implications of shoreline erosion, guidelines for site assessments, information about analyzing and selecting design alternatives, and more.

Puget Sound Nearshore Ecosystem Restoration Project

This website provides technical reports and other resources from Puget Sound Nearshore Ecosysten Restoration Project, a collaborative effort to protect and restore Puget Sounds shorelines.

Shoreline Management (State of Washington Department of Ecology)

This website provides many resources for shoreline management in Washington State, focused on shoreline masters programs (local land use policies and regulations).

Soft Shoreline Stabilization (State of Washington, 2014)

This 2014 report provides guidance to assist local government planners and permit staff in planning and implementing shoreline stabilization provisions with Shoreline Master Programs, focused on marine shorelines in Puget Sound.

Shore Friendly (Washington Departments of Fish and Wildlife, Natural Resources)

This site was created to provide  waterfront homeowners with information about how to protect  property with minimal impact to the ecology of Puget Sound. The Washington Departments of Fish and Wildlife and Natural Resources, with funding from the federal government, developed this informational site.

back to top


Lake Ontario Riparian Alliance Website

An alliance that provides assistance to shoreline landowners and land managers to protect the value of waterfront property.  Services include assistance with permitting, advocacy, education, and design assistance.

Living on the Coast: Protecting Investments in Shore Property on the Great Lakes (US ACOE and Wisconsin Sea Grant, 2003)

This book is aimed at landowners (or those that work with landowners) to promote system-wide shoreline management that utilizes nature-based tactics (or does not harm the environment).  Edited by Philip Keillor.

Michigan Natural Shoreline Alliance

A collaborative effort between state agencies, academia, nonprofit organizations and private industry to protect shorelines in Michigan with low-impact methods.  Their objectives include training/educating, research, and promoting policy. The Erosion at the Shoreline page features animations highlighting the detrimental effects of seawalls on surrounding areas, and the difference a vegetated shoreline can make on erosion control.

Nature-Based Shoreline Practices: Can They Improve Coastal Resilience in NY’s Great Lakes Region? (NYS Sea Grant)

Exploring the possible uses of natural materials such as sand and vegetation for shoreline erosion management. Workshop presentations and videos included.

Waterfront Properties: Guide for Achieving a Living Shoreline (Niagara – Buffalo Riverkeeper)

Guidebook for waterfront landowners to create and maintain a living shoreline on their property. Included are illustrative images and steps to improve shorelines.

Lake Ontario Natural and Nature-Based Features (NNBF) Opportunities

Natural and Nature-Based Features (NNBF) are shorelines that are actively developed and/or maintained for both shore protection and ecosystem enhancement. The purpose of this viewer is to help inform landowners, both public and private, whether their property is opportune for a natural or nature-based shoreline.

back to top


Softening Our Shorelines: Policy and Practice for Living Shorelines Along the Gulf and Atlantic Coasts (National Wildlfe Federation 2020) 

The 2020 publication from the National Wildlife Federation in cooperation with Coastal States Organization reviews the use of living shorelines across Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Policies and permitting requirements were analyzed to look for both incentives and barriers to encouraging the use of ecologically friendly shoreline protection techniques. Recommendations and best practices are made on how to promote the use of living shorelines.


Alternative Shoreline Management Guidebook (Mississippi Department of Marine Resources)

This guidebook provides information on a variety of shoreline management approaches, including hard, soft, and hybrid practices.

Living Shorelines (Mobile Bay NEP, 2014)

An overview of living shorelines in the gulf, aimed at shoreline property-owners.

back to top

Tivoli Bays Launch Closure – 2020

The canoe and kayak launch on the Kidd Lane access road at Tivoli Bays WMA is closed for renovations until further notice. At this time, DEC does not have an estimated completion date for the project. Please contact Nathan Ermer at 845-256-3047 for more information about this project. Thank you for your patience and understanding.