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Beyond the Hudson River

 

Many great projects and initiatives for ecologically enhanced shorelines and living shorelines are happening beyond the Hudson, in other regions of New York State and across the U.S. The following resources can be used to learn more about different regional approaches as well as provide more guidance on shoreline decision-making, research, and engineering techniques that may be considered for New York shorelines. A list of the resources is below, sorted into the following regional groups (click a region of interest to skip down).

National/Other   •   Atlantic   •   Pacific   •   Central   •   Gulf

NATIONAL/OTHER

Coastal Risk Reduction and Resilience (US Army Corps of Engineers, 2013)

USACE provides guidance on nature/nature-based, non-structural, and structural tactics for shoreline protection, ultimately promoting an integrated approach to coastal risk concerns.

Engineering Field Handbook Chapter 16 Streambank and Shoreline Protection (USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service December, 1996)

A guidance for engineers on restoring and protecting banks and shorelines in protected waters (not open water).  Tactics involve bioengineering and physical structures.

Engineering With Nature (US Army Corps of Engineers)

A website devoted to promoting the consideration of ecosystem benefits of nature/nature-based features in engineering designs.

Living Shorelines Brochure (Systems Approach to Geomorphic Engineering-SAGE)

This informational brochure provides information about a range of shoreline management techniques, from green to gray.  More information on the organization as a whole is available here, other technical guidance documents compiled by SAGE available here.

Living Shorelines Engagement (NOAA)

This two-pager describes how NOAA works to promote living shoreline research and implementation, as well as noting future actions the agency plans to take.

Living Shorelines:  From Barriers to Opportunities (Restore America’s Estuaries, 2014)

A group of living shorelines experts drafted this report that covers different types of shoreline management and a variety of related topics and also provides recommended strategies for moving forward.

Living Shorelines: The Science and Management of Nature-Based Coastal Protection

A book that provides a background and history of living shorelines, including the design and implementation of projects (as well as the science behind them), management of living shorelines, and policy revolving around these nature/nature-based tactics.

Living Shorelines Webinar Series (NOAA NERRS)

This series of five webinars (which aired between September 2013-February 2014) was designed to introduce the concept of living shorelines, increase awareness about different types of living shorelines, and look at regional perceptions of living shorelines.

Living Shorelines Workgroup Guidance for Considering the Use of Living Shorelines (NOAA, 2015)

An overview of living shorelines that includes definitions and benefits of natural stabilization techniques, as well as how NOAA promotes their use around the country.

Low Cost Options for Shore Protection (US Army Corps of Engineers, 2012)

A handbook aimed at engineers and contractors (those familiar with engineering concepts, though not necessarily coastal/shoreline protection specifically) that examines shoreline protection tactics within the context of cost.

Minneapolis Lakes and Streams: Erosion Intensity Index

A scoresheet and attached guidance that accounts for and examines different aspects of a shoreline (i.e. the bank itself, energies the bank is exposed to) with respect to the erosion that bank is expected to face.

Reducing Coastal Risks on the East and Guld Coasts (National Research Council, 2014)

The National Research Council report reviews the performance of coastal risk-reduction strategies and suggests a set of principles, and a vision for the future.

Shoreline Stabilization Handbook for Lake Champlain and Other Inland Lakes (Northwest Regional Planning Commission)

This handbook for Lake Champlain area residents and government officials includes information about shorelines stabilization options, including hard structural methods and bio-engineered methods.

Use of Natural and Nature-Based Features for Coastal Resilience (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers)

This report provides information about natural and nature-based features (such as dunes, oyster reefs, and marshes) that can contribute to coastal resilience and risk reduction.

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ATLANTIC

Design Considerations for Living Shorelines in Connecticut (University of Connecticut, 2015)

The thought processes and considerations behind designing and implementing a living shoreline on a Connecticut coast.  Accompanying webinar trainings available here.

How to Protect Your Property from Shoreline Erosion (North Carolina Division of Coastal Management)

This brochure provides guidance for North Carolina property owners to make decisions about shoreline erosion control options.

Living Shorelines (Virginia Institute of Marine Science Center for Coastal Resources Management)

This website includes information about the benefits of living shorelines, design and build criteria, permits, plant species and vendors, research, legislative initiatives, and demonstration sites.

Living Shorelines for the Chesapeake Bay Watershed (Chesapeake Bay Foundation, 2007)

A brochure aimed at property owners and designers with a brief background on the functions and benefits of living shorelines, as well as details on ideal elements and tips for living shoreline designs that work well for Chesapeake Bay’s coasts.

Living Shoreline Design Guidelines for Shore Protection in Virginia’s Estuarine Environment (VIMS, 2010)

Guidance for living shorelines in a sheltered, estuarine system, including site and design considerations, in addition to case studies. Published by Virginia Institute for Marine Science at William and Mary.

Living Shorelines Engineering Guidelines (NJ DEP, 2016)

A guidance document on the engineering components involved in the design of living shorelines projects, prepared for the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection by Stevens Institute of Technology.

Living Shorelines:  Impacts of Erosion Control Strategies on Coastal Habitats (Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission, 2015)

Overview on the mechanics of shoreline sediment movement and erosion-control tactics’ relationship with coastal processes and habitats along the Atlantic coast.

Living Shorelines: a Nature-Based Approach to Managing Shoreline Erosion (NYSGIG)

An interactive website explaining the merits of living shorelines in the New York region. This is from the New York State Geographic Information Gateway.

Living Shorelines: Sound Science, Innovative Approaches, Connected Community (RAE, 2015)

Agenda from the Living Shorelines National Technology Transfer Meeting and Regional Workshops in Connecticut in December, 2015.  Sponsored by Restore America’s Estuaries.

Mid-Atlantic Living Shorelines Summit (RAE, 2013)

Resources from the 2013 Mid-Atlantic Living Shorelines Summit are available at this website: summit proceedings, powerpoint presentations, video presentations, key messages, and more.

North Atlantic Coast Comprehensive Study: Resilient Adaptation to Increasing Risk (US Army Corps of Engineers)

A study that examines coastal risks in the face of a changing climate (in response to major hurricanes that hit the gulf and Atlantic coast), establishing baselines, projected changes, and possible solutions.

Regional (NY-NJ-DE) Dialogue to Advance Sustainable Shorelines along Sheltered Coasts

This workshop, funded for the NERRS Science Collaborative, examined opportunities for regional collaboration and sharing of sustainable shorelines information in New York, New Jersey, and Delaware.  Resources available include:  agenda, presentations, event summaries, and a follow-up webinar.

Research Plan to Advance the Understanding of Potential Coastal Green Infrastructure Strategies in New York City (NYSDEC, 2014)

This research plan (developed by ARCADIS, Stevens Institute of Technology, and others) investigates the use of coastal green infrastructure for protection of New York City from flooding and erosion.

Revitalizing Hudson Riverfronts Report (Scenic Hudson, 2010)

This report from Scenic Hudson is intended to help guide communities in developing and implementing a future vision for waterfront development.

Shore Erosion Control:  The Natural Approach (VIMS, 2005)

An outreach booklet describing the benefits and use of nature-based shoreline protection methods, expecially in the Chesapeake Bay area.

Shoreline Management Manual (FirstLight Power, 2014)

A guidance outlining sustainable shoreline management aims to provide a set of standards and knowledge for homeowners that have access/management of shorelines on FirstLight properties along the shores of Candlewood Lake, Lake Lillinonah, or Lake Zoar.

Tidal Exchange E-News (NY, NJ Harbor & Estuary Program, January 10, 2014)

This January 2014 newsletter from the NY-NJ Harbor and Estuary Program includes an article about a research effort looking at urban shorelines and another article with information about the Waterfront Edge Design Guidelines.

Tidal Wetlands Guidance Document:  Living Shoreline Techniques in the Marine District of New York State (NYSDEC, 2017)

A guidance aimed at the NYSDEC staff, as well as professionals and property-owners, to promote understanding and use of nature-based shoreline protection tactics for habitat enhancement and storm risk reduction.  Provides information on types of living shorelines, reviews how tidal wetland and protection of waters permit standards relate to living shorelines, and speaks to proper siting, maintenance, and monitoring considerations.

Urban Waterfront Adaptive Strategies (NYC Planning, 2013)

A look at resiliency measures, including nature/nature-based shoreline protection tactics, that take into account the unique human needs of New York City, specifically, though some findings may be applied to other highly-developed, urban environments.

Waterfront Edge Design Guidelines – WEDG (Waterfront Alliance, 2016)

An incentive-based rating system that examines and analyzes waterfronts on the basis of creating shoreline developments that are “resilient, environmentally healthy, accessible, and equitable for all”.  Currently based in New York City, looking to expand its programming.

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PACIFIC

Green Shores (British Columbia, Canada)

This website provides information about shoreline types, case studies, a guide to Green Shores Coastal Development Rating System, and a few links and reports.

The Engineer and The Fisherman (Peter Craig, 2014)

This blog provides some interesting perspectives from an engineer who has worked on riverbank design in Oregon.

How to Build a Living Seawall (University of Washington)

This article describes efforts to add structural diversity to seawalls to support more biological diversity.

Marine Shoreline Design Guidelines (State of Washington)

This guidance document includes information about the geomorphology of Puget Sound and implications of shoreline erosion, guidelines for site assessments, information about analyzing and selecting design alternatives, and more.

Puget Sound Nearshore Ecosystem Restoration Project

This website provides technical reports and other resources from Puget Sound Nearshore Ecosysten Restoration Project, a collaborative effort to protect and restore Puget Sounds shorelines.

Shoreline Management (State of Washington Department of Ecology)

This website provides many resources for shoreline management in Washington State, focused on shoreline masters programs (local land use policies and regulations).

Soft Shoreline Stabilization (State of Washington, 2014)

This 2014 report provides guidance to assist local government planners and permit staff in planning and implementing shoreline stabilization provisions with Shoreline Master Programs, focused on marine shorelines in Puget Sound.

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CENTRAL

Lake Ontario Riparian Alliance Website

An alliance that provides assistance to shoreline landowners and land managers to protect the value of waterfront property.  Services include assistance with permitting, advocacy, education, and design assistance.

Living on the Coast: Protecting Investments in Shore Property on the Great Lakes (US ACOE and Wisconsin Sea Grant, 2003)

This book is aimed at landowners (or those that work with landowners) to promote system-wide shoreline management that utilizes nature-based tactics (or does not harm the environment).  Edited by Philip Keillor.

Michigan Natural Shoreline Alliance

A collaborative effort between state agencies, academia, nonprofit organizations and private industry to protect shorelines in Michigan with low-impact methods.  Their objectives include training/educating, research, and promoting policy.

Nature-Based Shoreline Practices: Can They Improve Coastal Resilience in NY’s Great Lakes Region? (NYS Sea Grant)

Exploring the possible uses of natural materials such as sand and vegetation for shoreline erosion management. Workshop presentations and videos included.

Waterfront Properties: Guide for Achieving a Living Shoreline (Niagara – Buffalo Riverkeeper)

Guidebook for waterfront landowners to create and maintain a living shoreline on their property. Included are illustrative images and steps to improve shorelines.

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GULF OF MEXICO

Alternative Shoreline Management Guidebook (Mississippi Department of Marine Resources)

This guidebook provides information on a variety of shoreline management approaches, including hard, soft, and hybrid practices.

Living Shorelines (Mobile Bay NEP, 2014)

An overview of living shorelines in the gulf, aimed at shoreline property-owners.

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