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Frequently Asked Questions

Where can I find more information about…

Shore zone best management practices:

Check out the Shore Zone Management Brochure  for 10 steps to better shore zone management, such as preserving physical diversity, avoiding hard materials, reducing wave damage, and preventing pollution.

The costs of shoreline protection methods:

1. Andrew Rella and Jon Miller from the Stevens Institute of Technology conducted a cost analysis for ten shoreline protection methods at three sites along the Hudson River (Bowline Point Park, Henry Hudson Park, and Poughkeepsie). They calculated the costs (in 2012 dollars) for original construction, maintenance, and replacement. The ten approaches cover the spectrum from traditional hard structures such as bulkheads and revetments to ecologically enhanced approaches like live crib walls and vegetated geogrids, as well as the hybrid approaches in between. Two sea level rise scenarios were used to predict costs under different future conditions. See the full report at the link above or see the executive summary.

2.The Demonstration Site Network Case Studies all provide cost information on specific designs.

3. Other useful resources include Engineering Literature Review  which describes  information on different shoreline stabilization techniques and Hudson River Shoreline Restoration Alternatives Analysis which is a document that describes hypothetical solutions to shoreline sites on the Hudson River.

Shoreline demonstration sites:

The Hudson River Sustainable Shoreline Project Demonstration Site Network has information on pilot sites on the Hudson River, including links to the case studies, presentations, and photos of current projects. The following links have information about shoreline demonstration sites in other areas:


Regulatory information:

1. See this page for information on regulatory guidance.

2. A Legal Framework Analysis was produced by the Pace University Law School.

Training resources:

1. In July 2014, Applying the Findings of the Hudson River Sustainable Shorelines Project training workshop was held at Norrie Point Environmental Center to share the findings and resource from the project with a group of engineers, landscape architects, permit officials, and others.

2. In 2013, a workshop was held to share information about living shorelines projects between New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. Presentations and other materials from this Regional Dialogue to advance Sustainable Shorelines Along Sheltered Coasts are available. For those who were unable to attend, a follow-up webinar was held and can be viewed.

3. A webinar series on living shorelines was presented by the National Estuarine Research Reserve System and NOAA Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management in 2013 and 2014.

4. In 2006, a workshop was held on soft approaches to shoreline stabilization.

5. See the Case Study Presentations at IECA (International Erosion Control Association) on our Demonstration Site page.

Contact Emilie Hauser, Coastal Training Program Coordinator for the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve, with additional questions about training (

Stakeholder information and project lessons learned:

1. Shoreline Use and Perception Survey Report.
In 2012, Thrive Consulting and the Hudson River Sustainable Shorelines Project surveyed anglers and kayakers to learn about these user groups’ perceptions, values, and preferences related to shorelines.

2. Lessons Learned: Decision Making Regarding Shoreline Design and Management.
This one-pager describes key lessons learned from the Hudson River Sustainable Shorelines Project and lists recommendations for professionals involved in shoreline design and management.

3. Lessons Learned: Five Case Studies of Recent Shoreline Development Projects.
In this one-pager, Ferguson outlines lessons learned from shoreline development projects and includes recommendations gleaned from case studies.

4. You may also want to view the Hudson River Sustainable Shorelines Project Overview, which summarizes the problem the project aims to address, the purpose and objectives, the project history and participants, and the questions the project seeks to answer.

What geospatial data are available to help me plan a shoreline project?

1. For information about spatial information for designing a shoreline.

2. Data layers for Hudson River Estuary shoreline type, ice climatology, and physical forces are available at the NYS GIS Clearinghouse. These were produced by project partners. Descriptions of these resources can be found on the Publications and Resources page under the heading: Geospatial Data and Tools. Also, there are layers for bathymetric data, topography, submerged aquatic vegetation, tidal wetlands, and significant coastal fish and wildlife habitats on the Clearinghouse as well. These data can be used to better understand a particular shoreline site and the surrounding area, as well as the physical forces (e.g., currents and wind-waves) that shoreline management would need to consider.

3. The Sea Level Rise Mapper is a tool that was developed by Scenic Hudson and can provide a projection for what future conditions might look like, which is important for thinking about the longevity of shoreline management approaches and future vulnerability.

How can I submit a shoreline demonstration site to the HRSSP demo site network?

If you have a site you would like to submit, please fill out the Demonstration Site Assessment Form. To submit the form or send questions or comments, please contact Emilie Hauser ( or Sarah Lipuma (

How can I assess my shoreline?

1. The Rapid Assessment tool can provide a rough quantification of site attributes known to affect biota and ecological processes. Some of the attributes are directly linked to important aspects of shore-zone ecology such as accumulation of wrack or presence of dead wood. Other variables, such as vegetation, are the result of management decisions. The tool has been “ground-truthed” in the tidal freshwater Hudson and would not necessarily be applicable elsewhere. While training is best done in person, it is feasible to give sufficient instruction via a webinar to allow for reliable data collection. For more information, contact Emilie Hauser ( or Ben Ganon (

2. Is Your Shorelines Eroding? A quick guide to determine if something needs to be done to stabilize your shoreline.

How can I find information about the design of shoreline stabilization techniques?

1. Hudson River Shoreline Restoration Alternatives Analysis reports on a project that investigated options for restoring both ecological and sociological functions by enhancing shoreline habitats through soft engineering.

2. Engineered Approaches for Limiting Erosion Along Sheltered Coasts is a literature review that provides an overview of the engineered approaches used to manage erosion along shorelines.

3. Applying the Findings of the Hudson River Sustainable Shorelines Project Workshop Lightning Rounds are stories from the Hudson River Shoreline: site designers and owners with sustainable shorelines on the Hudson discussed their design, construction, and maintenance processes.

4. A team led by the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve (NERR) received funding to assess shoreline stabilization treatments in the wake of three historic storms, including “superstorm” Sandy. The team is using collaborative techniques to work with stakeholders to create a Forensic Analysis on  why some stabilization treatments along the Hudson River Estuary were badly damaged and failed during these storms, while others survived.

The Hudson River Sustainable Shoreline Project:

About Us
Project Overview
Recent EPA Award for the HRSSP

NERRS Science Collaborative (NSC) resources:

NSC project homepage
NSC project overview
NSC project overview for forensic analysis phase

How can I submit feedback about the HRSSP website?

Please take this survey to help us evaluate the website and resources.

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